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id: 24229
Title: Socio-economic and environmental benefits of biofuel production development from agricultural waste in Ukraine
Authors: Pryshliak N., Tokarchuk D.
Keywords: agriculture, waste, alternative energy, biofuels, efficiency
Date of publication: 2020-03-31 08:51:02
Last changes: 2020-03-31 08:51:02
Year of publication: 2020
Summary: Energy needs are determined by three main factors: population growth, the economic development of society, and the scientific and technical level of production processes. These needs in the world are increasing year by year and in 2018 they exceeded 13.5 billion tonnes of oil equivalent. More and more countries are developing and implementing plans and strategies for significant, within 50-100%, coverage of their energy needs through renewable energy sources. The findings of this study revealed that Ukraine`s energy demand per year is 200 million tonnes of oil equivalent of energy resources. Currently, the share of renewable energy in the structure of energy consumption in Ukraine is 4.4%. Authors also acknowledged that at the same time, 115 million tonnes of agricultural plant waste and about 97 million tonnes of animal waste are generated annually in Ukraine, which makes it possible to produce 7.21 million tonnes of oil equivalent and 2.2 million tonnes of oil equivalent, respectively. The study found that the production of biofuels from agricultural waste will have social, economic and environmental effects. An efficiency matrix was constructed by the authors to determine these effects. Using the method of SWOT analysis, factors that will affect the development of biofuel production from agricultural waste were determined.
Publication type: Статті Scopus
Publication: Environmental & Socio-economic Studies. - 2020. - Vol. 8, Issue 1. - P. 18-27.
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Published by: Адміністратор
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